Definition of the carpenter. History of Carpenter
Carpentry is a skilled business in which primary work is done, cutting, shaping and establishing construction materials during construction of buildings, ships, wooden bridges, concrete farmwork etc.
Traditionally work with natural wood and work hard, such as framing, but today many other materials are also used and sometimes the cabinet building and furniture building’s good business is considered to be a carpenter. and Definition of the carpenter.
In the United States, 98.5% are sloppy men, and it was the fourth most dominated business in the country in 1999. There were approximately 1.5 million carpentry conditions in the United States in 2006. History of Carpenter.
Carpenters are usually the first traders on the job and the last traders to leave. Generally, post-and-beam buildings are prepared by the end of the 19th century; Now the carpenter of this old fashion is called timber framing. Definition of the carpenter.
Carpenters learn this business by employing a trainee training-usually 4 years-and qualifies by successfully completing the competency test of that country in places such as the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and South Africa.
It is also common that skills can be learned by getting work experience in addition to formal training programs, which can be done in many places.
1.1 Use of terms in the United Kingdom
1.2 Use of terms in the United States
3.1 Carpentry schools and programs
3.2 Apprenticeships and Journeymen carpenters
3.3 Master carpenter
4 Materials used
The word “carpenter” is an English rendition of the old French word carpenter (later, four panders), which is derived from the Latin carpentry [artifax] of the carriage (“Manufacturer”).
Middle English and Scots (“Builder” in the meaning of “Right”) Was (cognate with work from old English, cognitively), which could be used in compound forms such as wheelwright or boat wight.
Use of terms in the United Kingdom
In the UK, carpentry is used correctly to describe the skills involved in the first fixing of wood items, such as building roofs, floors and timber buildings, i.e., those areas of construction that are generally Are hidden in a complete building. The easiest way to consider this is to first fix work before plastering is done.
After plastering, the second fix is done. The construction of other fix work, skirting boards, architraves, and doors, also comes under carpentry.
The carpenter is also used for formwork, in which concrete is inserted during the construction of structures above roads and highways. In the UK, the skill of building a wood framework, or in situ, concrete, is known as shuttering.
Use of terms in the United States
In the United States, the carpenter is historically defined as the United Kingdom because of a “heavy and robust” work different from an “investor” … which is a bit more decorative than a carpenter … “though “.
The work of a carpenter and joiner is often combined. “Joiner is less common with Finnish carpenter or cabinetmaker terms.
Hometown and Burnwight were used historically, now sometimes used by carpenters that use traditional methods and materials. Anyone who makes custom concrete formwork is a form carpenter.
Wood is one of the oldest building materials in the human race. From stone age to bronze era till the Iron Age, the ability to shape wood with technological progress has improved.
Carpentry is the oldest archaeological evidence, which is well-formed by using stocked oak wood divided with melodies and tanners and crushed corners in the early Neolithic period about 7,000 years ago.
Relatively little information about carpentry is available from pre-history (before written language) or even from recent centuries because in the 15th century the knowledge and skill passed the person personally until the invention of the printing press,
And builders started regularly, publication guides and pattern books in the 18th and 19th centuries. The oldest surviving complete architectural text, Vitruvius’s ten books collectively called the D Architecture, which discusses some carpentry.
Some of the world’s oldest surviving buildings are temples in China, such as the Nanchan Temple built in 782, the Greenstead Church, some of which are from the 11th century, and the Stave Church in Norway from the 12th and 13th centuries.
By the 16th century, the use of the ashram was in Europe. America’s establishment was partly based on the desire to extract resources from the new continent, including wood for use in ships and buildings in Europe.
In the 18th century, part of the Industrial Revolution was the invention of steam engine and nails were cut.
These technologies combined with the invention of circulars gave rise to the development of balloon construction, which was the beginning of the decline of traditional wood framing.
Axonometric diagram of balloon framing
In the 19th century, the development of electrical engineering and distribution was seen, which allowed for the production of hand-made electrical equipment, wire nails and machines on a large scale.
In the 20th century, Portland cement came in common use and the solid foundation allowed the carpenters to be removed from heavy wood sills.
In addition, drywall (plasterboard) came in common use instead of lime plaster on woolen cloth. Plywood, engineered wood, and chemical treatment wood also came into use.
Brave Companion de la Corpintería de los Blanco y Tratado de Alarifis (1727)
See American historic carpentry for the type of carpenter used in America.
Training for a carpenter requires training in both knowledge and physical practice. In the formal training, a carpenter starts as an apprentice, then becomes a passenger, and with enough experience and ability, eventually, a position of a master carpenter can be attained.
Today, pre-apprenticeship training can be obtained through non-federal business programs such as high school shop classes and community colleges.
Informally, a laborer can work with the carpenter for years of learning skills through observation and peripheral aid.
Although such a person can get the status of the passenger by paying the entrance fee and receiving a passenger’s card (which provides the right to work on a union carpenter crew),
the effective foreman, as per the requirement, the card is presented The performer will reject any employee but do not perform the expected skill level.
Carpenters can work for the employer or may be self-employed. It does not matter what kind of training a needle has, some U.S. states require contractors to get a license, for which there is a need to pass a written examination and a minimum level of insurance.
Carpentry schools and programs
Formal training in carpentry business is available in new construction, restoration, and conservation workers’ seminars, certificate programs, high school programs, online classes. Sometimes these programs are called pre-trainee training.
In the modern British manufacturing industry, surveillance is trained through apprenticeship schemes where general certificates of Secondary Education (GCSE) in Mathematics, English, and Technology Assistance are required but not necessary.
However, this is considered a preferred route, as young people can earn and gain field experience during training towards nationally recognized qualifications.
There are two main departments of training: construction-carpentry and cabinet making. During pre-apprenticeship, in each of these divisions, trainees spend 30 hours a week in indoor workshops, which include mathematics, business vocabulary and skills in the use of 12 weeks and weeks and electrical tools in classrooms.
Construction-carpenter trainees also participate in calisthenics to prepare for the physical aspect of the work.
Upon the completion of pre-apprenticeship, the trainees who have successfully passed the hierarchical course (taught by highly experienced passenger carpenter), are employed as first-year teachers in local associations and federal carpentry employees at construction sites or in cabinet shops. is done.
In the next four years, when they progress in the state of the Second year, Third year and Apprentice of the fourth year, the trainees come back to the training facility for a week of more detailed training in specific aspects of the business from time to time.
Carpentry schools and programs
Apprenticeships and Journeymen carpenters
In countries such as Apprenticeships and Germanen Dutter Germany and Australia, Tradesmen needs to complete a formal apprenticeship (usually three to four years) to work as a professional carpenter.
Apprenticeship at graduation level, he is known as a passenger carpenter.
By the beginning of the 19th and even the beginning of the 20th century, travelers traveled to other areas of the country (usually) before returning home to learn the building styles and techniques of that area.
In modern times, travelers do not need to travel, and the word now refers to the level of proficiency and skill.
In the United States, union suits, which are members of joint Brotherhood of Services and US Joiners, need to pass a skill test to provide official passenger status,
But unsure professional carpenters are known for their skill level, years of experience, or simply because they support themselves in the business, and not those who travel by reason of certification or formal wood education.
In the United States, professional status as a passenger carpenter can be obtained in many ways. Formal training is acquired in the four-year trainee program administered by United Brotherhood of Services and US Joiners,
in which the passenger status is obtained after successful completion of twelve weeks of pre-intern training, followed by four years of on-going -The- Job Sector Training Tours are working with traveler carpenter.
There is also a formal apprenticeship program for traditional wood framing in The Timber Framer Guild. Training is also available in groups such as Kim Bong Wood Village in Vietnam, where trainees live and work to learn timber work and carpentry skills.
In Canada, each province determines its standards for apprenticeship. The average length of time is four years and in this college or other institution, the minimum number of both job training and technical education is included.
Based on the number of hours of instructions received by an intern, he can earn a certificate of proficiency, he can become a traveler, or make a qualification certificate, allowing him to practice more carpentry. .
There are also options for obtaining an additional interprovincial red seal in Canadian carpenters, which allows them to practice anywhere in Canada. The red seal needs to be completed by an apprenticeship and an additional examination.
After working as a passenger for a while, a carpenter can go to study or test as a master carpenter.
In some countries like Germany and Japan, this is a difficult and expensive process, in which skills are required to obtain comprehensive knowledge (including financial and legal knowledge) and master certification;
These countries generally require a master position for any person employing and teaching teachers in the craft. In others, ‘master carpentry’ can be a less used term to describe any skilled carpenter.
Fully trained carpenters and additives will often move to related businesses such as fittings of stores, scaffolding, bench joinery, maintenance and system installation.
Carpenters traditionally work with natural wood which is seen or seen with a split (rowing), heaving, or a pit, which is called wood (American English) or wood (British English).
Today the use of natural and engineered wood and many other building materials is usually prepared by others and transported to the job site.
In 2013, the Chorus Union used the word carpenter for the catch-all position in the US. In the works done by union suites “… include installing floors, windows, doors, interior trim, cabinetry, solid surface, roof, framing, siding, flooring, insulation, … acoustic ceiling, computer- Access flooring, metal framing,
Wall splitting, office furniture system, and materials produced by both custom or factory, … trim and molding, … roofing treatment, … open columns and beams, displays, metal, stairs … metal studs, metal laths, And drywall … “